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Expanding Evidence-Based Treatment - page 50 / 59

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Multisystemic Therapy (MST) for Juvenile Offenders

Description:

Treatment focuses on factors in youth's social network that are contributing to his/her antisocial behavior

Primary goals: to decrease rates of antisocial behavior and other clinical problems, improve functioning (e.g., family relations, school performance), and achieve these outcomes at a cost savings by reducing the use of out-of-home placements such as incarceration, residential treatment, and hospitalization

Ultimate goal: to empower families to build a healthier environment through the mobilization of existing child, family, and community resources

Delivered in the home, school, or community

Typical duration of home-based MST services is approximately 4 months, with multiple therapist-family contacts occurring weekly

Study Populations:

6-12 (Childhood), 13-17 (Adolescent)

American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, White, Race/ethnicity unspecified

Adaptations: training materials have been translated into Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish

Outcomes:

1. Post-treatment arrest rates

2. Long-term arrest rates

3. Long-term incarceration rates

4. Self-reported criminal activity

5. Alcohol and drug use

6. Perceived family functioning-cohesion

7. Peer aggression

© Doreen A. Cavanaugh, Ph.D. November 12, 2009

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