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Abbreviated Aviation Terms and Names: - page 14 / 22





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FAA HANDBOOK 8260.3B - This document, titled TERPS, contains obstruction clearance criteria for instrument procedures. Imaginary surfaces for each particular type of instrument procedure are described. If an object would penetrate the imaginary surfaces for a particular procedure and could not be relocated or sufficiently reduced in height, one of the following actions would be necessary: (1) alteration of the procedure, to minimize or eliminate effects; (2) increase in the minimum cloud ceiling and/or visibility requirements for conducting the procedure; (3) some combination of (1) and (2); or (4) preclusion of the affected procedure.

FAA ORDER 5050.4A - This document, entitled Airport Environmental Handbook, was published by the FAA on October 8, 1985. It contains all of the essential information an airport sponsor needs to meet both procedural and substantive environmental requirements.

FAR PART 36 - Federal Aviation Regulations Part 36, Noise Standards: Aircraft Type and Airworthiness Certification. Establishes noise standards for the civil aviation fleet. Some extensions for compliance are included in the Aviation Safety and Noise Abatement Act of 1979. FAR PART 77 - Federal Aviation Regulations Part 77, Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace. Establishes standards for determining obstructions and conducting aeronautical studies to determine the potential effects of obstructions on aircraft operations. Objects are considered to be obstructions to air navigation according to FAR Part 77 if they would exceed certain heights or penetrate certain imaginary surfaces established in relation to airports. Objects classified as obstructions are subject to an aeronautical study by FAA to determine their potential effects on aircraft operations.

FAR PART 91 - Federal Aviation Regulations Part 91, General Operating and Flight Rules. On September 25, 1991, the FAA issued an amendment to FAR Part 91 (14 CFR Part 91) in conformance with requirements of the Airport Noise and Capacity Act of 1990. The amendment to the aircraft operating rules requires a phased transition to an all Stage III fleet operating in the 48 contiguous United States and the District of Columbia by December 31, 1999. The amendment places a cap on the number of Stage II aircraft allowed to operate in the United States and provides for a continuing reduction in the population exposed to noise from Stage II aircraft.

FAR PART 150 - Federal Aviation Regulations Part 150, Airport Noise Compatibility Planning. An FAR Part 150 Program is an FAA-assisted study designed to increase the compatibility of land and facilities in the areas surrounding an airport that are most directly affected by the operation of the airport. The specific purpose is to reduce the adverse effects of noise as much as possible by implementing both on-airport noise abatement measures and off-airport noise mitigation programs. The basic products of an FAR Part 150 program typically include (1) noise exposure maps for the existing condition and for five years in the future; (2) workable on-airport noise abatement measures, such as preferential run-way use programs, new or preferential flight tracks, curfews; (3) off-airport noise mitigation measures (land use control programs and regulations), such as land acquisition, soundproofing, or special zoning; (4) an analysis of the costs and the financial feasibility of the recommended measures; and (5) policies and procedures related to the implementation of on- and off-airport programs. A community involvement program is carried on throughout all phases of development of the program.



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