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(5)Pulp and paper mill sludges and POTW sludges.

(a)Prior to initial acceptance at a solid waste facility, a sufficient number of samples to meet the requirements for statistical analysis as required by US EPA SW-846 must be analyzed as follows:

(i)Complete TCLP (per US EPA Method 1311, Federal Register/Volume 55, No. 126);

(ii)For beneficial use only, total Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Lead, Mercury, Molybdenum, Nickel, Selenium, Zinc per Methods in US EPA SW-846; and

(iii)Sulfide Reactivity.

(b)After initial characterization is complete, each sludge source must be analyzed annually as listed above, except that operators of generator-owned landfills are not required to perform annual analysis provided the processes that create the waste streams or the composition of the waste streams accepted for disposal have not changed.


Construction and Demolition Debris Wood Fuel.


Samples for physical and chemical characterization shall be obtained by randomly taking a minimum of 20 or more sub-samples sufficient to make up a composite sample of 15 gallons. Mix the composite sample to a homogeneous state using the quartering method as follows:


Mix the 15 gallon sample with shovels on a smooth, clean surface with an area large enough to handle the initial sample size (about 8’X8’), indoors at room temperature;


Shape the sample into a conical pile and quarter;


Collect the opposing quarters (about 7.5 gallons) , pulverize, blend and submit for chemical analysis for total lead and arsenic;


Combine the two remaining quarters and repeat the mixing and quartering;


Collect the two opposing quarters (about 4 gallons) and air dry the sample for a minimum of 24 hours. Submit for physical analysis;


Retain the remaining quarters for additional analysis, if needed.


Physical analysis shall be performed as follows:


The moisture content of the sample should be approximately at equilibrium with the testing environment to prevent weight changes due to drying during analysis. Spread the sample in the testing environment on a flat surface to approximately 3 inches in thickness. Let sample sit for a minimum of 24 hours to equilibrate;

Chapter 405: Water Quality Monitoring, Leachate Monitoring, and Waste Characterization

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