1- Diuretic and urinary tract disinfectant due to volatile oil.
2- Treatment of capillary fragility due to diosmin and hespiridin, so can be used in varicose veins, pile and different types of bleeding.
1- KOH: canary yellow colour.
2- Sudan III: red colour due to volatile oil.
3- Rhuthenium red: red colour due to pectose mucilage.