Weak institutions and poor cooperation between institutions: this area has not been a priority area for public spending and public institutions are under-funded and poorly equipped.
Opportunities to Address Threats by Enterprise and CBO development under CORE project:
The challenge in this region will be to combine the interests of very diverse groups of landowners and managers, from the southern ranchlands and the northern pastoral areas. The Laikipia Wildlife Forum has made great strides towards building a common vision for wildlife conservation and wise use of natural resources. Mobilization of community groups for wildlife management has successfully occurred in many areas and Laikipia is a model for community enterprise, especially when supported by neighbouring ranches (e.g. Il Ngwesi and Lewa Downs).
There is still, however, a lot of work remaining in finding ways for Group Ranches to benefit sufficiently from wildlife to justify putting aside land for conservation purposes and for reversing the trend towards land fragmentation. A key goal, therefore, of CORE will be to increase the value realized from wildlife business opportunities, particularly for local people, and to develop the advocacy capacity of the Laikipia Wildlife Forum. Despite technical and policy constraints it has been shown that Wildlife utilization is a competitive land use across much of the focal area.
Other opportunities include:
Secure private sector investment in existing Community wildlife Areas (E.g. Il Polei, Nagum, Lerogi Kirisia)
Develop tourism circuits and ecosystem enterprise planning
Strengthen organizational capacity of LWF
Work with LWF to develop community enterprise marketing strategy
Promote innovative private sector-community partnerships including equity stakes
Identify and develop appropriate community enterprises such as beekeeping, crafts, dead-wood furniture, plant and herb businesses
Develop community monitoring capacity
Assess potential for application of easements
Build governance and accountability of community institutions
Develop advocacy with existing organization with sectoral linkages. E.g. water, forestry, environmental law
Harness regional opinion leaders for advocacy
6.8.2. 2. The Greater Amboseli focal area
This focal area encompasses the Amboseli National Park and surrounding Group Ranches, stretching west to Chyulu Mountains, east to Magadi and north to Kitengela.
The exceptional conservation values of the Amboseli focal area include:
Elephant migration corridors in Amboseli-Kilimanjaro and Amboseli-Chyulu
The best-known and most studied population of African elephants in the world; the associated wealth of information and baseline data including individual life histories.
Other endangered species including cheetah and wild dogs;
An important system of wetlands and swamps welling up from Kilimanjaro (almost all wetlands outside the park have now been drained for agriculture). Associated wildlife and aquatic birds.
An important tourist destination with the highest earnings of any national park in Kenya.
CORE and its partners have identified the following as major threats to the landscape and its management for conservation:
Land fragmentation: The fragmentation of land in this area is being brought about by a number of inter-related factors. Government policy in many cases favors the subdivision of group ranches into individual
Kara PagePage 4210/23/2006