As a part of this Act, Congress noted that:
The collection of reliable data was essential to the effective conservation, management, and scientific understanding of the fishery resources of the United States.
That one of the greatest long-term threats to the viability of commercial and recreational fisheries is the continuing loss of marine, estuarine, and other aquatic habitats. Habitat considerations were therefore given increased attention for the conservation and management of fishery resources of the United States.
Why did Congress enact the MSA?