It is unlawful:
. . .
for any vessel of the United States to transfer at sea directly or indirectly any United States harvested fish to any foreign fishing vessel, while such foreign vessel is within the exclusive economic zone or within the boundaries of any State
to operate in the exclusive economic zone or within the boundaries of any State, if—
all fishing gear on the vessel is not stored below deck or in an area where it is not normally used, or;
all fishing gear on the vessel which is not so stored is not secured and covered so as to render it unusable for fishing