this background Tony emphasised the importance of preventive security as a first line of defence. Preventive security arrangements should be developed based on an assessment of the risk and informed by intelligence. Tony also made a comparison between criminal and terrorist activity and made the point that while both criminals and terrorists may seek to exploit vulnerabilities their objectives in doing so are fundamentally different.
Tony, in a second presentation focussing on “Human Factors in Effective Transport Security”, made the point that in a situation where the risk of a terrorist attack cannot be quantified or predicted it is important to focus on vulnerabilities that may be exploited. Preventive security responses outlined in the presentation included: identifying and addressing vulnerabilities, raising the awareness of staff and the travelling public of security issues, forming partnerships with stakeholders by sharing basic information about security threats and, regular discussion exercises to establish, clarify and reinforce roles and responsibilities in complex environments.
Mr. Paul Murphy, Global Manager Security Consulting, GHD Consultants – Australia, gave an informative presentation about the application of emerging technologies in an efficient and cost effective manner to enhance security of mass passenger transit. The key point of his presentation was that technology should meet the needs and objectives of individual economies taking into consideration their cultural, political, environmental differences and the operational differences in the application of the technology chosen. Finally, he made the point that technology is not in itself the solution but is merely a tool to assist in preventing and deterring terrorism and criminality.
In the afternoon of day one, Mr. Scottie Laird, Attache, Department of Homeland Security, United States of America (USA) from the US Embassy in Manila gave a presentation on behalf of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The presentation provided an overview of a range of Passenger Screening approaches being developed and implemented by the US government, including the use of CCTV’s, K-9 units and Visible Intermodal Protection Response (VIPR). Participants gained an insight into the potential application of these technologies and limitations to their use posed by open mass passenger transit systems.
The last presentation was given by Mr. Yam Song Goh, Deputy Director, Public Transport Security (Operation & Audits) – Singapore. He provided an outline of the security measures currently in place and those being explored in the mass passenger transport system in Singapore. Mr Goh made the point that open transport systems such as MRT and LRT pose a different set of challenges than those in a closed system such as the aviation sector. A different approach is therefore needed. Mr Goh outlined the enhanced security operations in the MRT and LRT stations for example use of video surveillance technology, security personnel and made the point that commuters are also a security resource that can complement other security measures. In this regard Mr Goh provided a number of examples of public awareness strategies employed within the Singapore MRT and LRT systems and stressed the importance of refreshing and renewing public awareness messages on a regular basis.
30th APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting
14-18 April 2008