A panel discussion followed providing an opportunity for questions from the floor. The speakers and delegates exchanged views and opinions on the matters raised in the various presentations. Areas of discussion included, the need to adopt different approaches and responses in the mass passenger environment to those used in other transport modes (e.g. aviation), importance of ensuring that staff are adequately trained, privacy issues surrounding the use of CCTV, use and effectiveness of canine patrols and cultural issues around the use of various screening technologies.
Mr. Jack Noye, the facilitator provided a summary of the days discussions. The first day was concluded by a conference dinner and a cultural presentation by the ‘The Bayanihan, The national dance company of the Philippines’.
DAY 2 (11 April 2008)
Director Lucas Cauton, Assistant Administrator, Road/Rail Security Bureau – Office for Transportation Security, facilitated the second theme of the conference: “Achieving balance between counter-terrorism measures and efficient mass passenger surface transport”. The first presentation entitled “Countering Terrorist Attack-Planning Against Mass Passenger Transport: A ‘Neighborhood Watch’ against Terrorism”, was made by Dr Kevin O’Brien, Director, Alesia PSI Consultants, United Kingdom. Dr O’Brien spoke on terrorist intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) activities within attack-planning and the importance of identifying these pre-attack indicators as a preventative security strategy. Dr O’Brien emphasised the importance of understanding the terrorists operational cycle and that terrorists are also collectors and users of intelligence. Efforts by terrorist groups to gather intelligence may provide an opportunity to detect terrorist behaviour well in advance of an attack.
Director Isidro P. Banaria, Assistant Administrator for Sea Transport and Infrastructure Security Bureau, Office for Transportation Security outlined the “Arrangements in place to achieve maximum passenger movements in Mass Passenger Surface Transport (Ferry) in the Philippines”. Director Banaria provided an overview of the Strong Republic Nautical Highway, which connects various islands in the archipelago and detailed security measures in operation at the ports including: the ID system, gate pass, vehicle pass, visitors pass, the use of x-ray, conveyor and manual inspection of vehicles entering the port. He also mentioned the importance of using K-9 units to detect unauthorized dangerous materials.
In her presentation entitled “ Balancing Security and Efficiency in Mass Transit: A Canadian Approach” Ms Nina Frid, Director Policy, Rail and Urban Transit Security, Transport Canada, provided an overview of Rail and Transit in Canada, the roles and responsibilities of different jurisdictions; and measures implemented post the 2004 Madrid bombings. Ms Frid also explained Canada’s strategy and approach to achieving an adequate balance between security, efficiency and the rights and privacy of Canadians. Key points included: one security approach is not feasible, a mix of legislative/regulatory and voluntary approaches are necessary
30th APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting
14-18 April 2008