HELPFUL COGNITIVE APPROACHES
9. Memory Ideas (con’t)
Reflection and recoding are particularly important to learning. Reflection refers to time, structure, and inclination to pause in one’s learning to focus on what is going on. In response to something a student contributes to class discussion, the teacher could say, “Tell me more” and “What else?” You can also ask students to use learning logs, summarizations, journal prompts, and interactive notebooks.
Recoding refers to the way students put knowledge into their own constructs. These can be symbolic, abstract, or physical. Students recode when they categorize and structure information; associate visual images with knowledge; make inferences, comparisons, and contrasts, and explain ideas to others.