Housing at Uttara Model Town in Dhaka City
The basic concept of house in our country is to own a structure in a plot. This notion of housing needs to be modified to take advantage of different form of housing. There is need to introduce innovative solutions. Introducing row houses, multi storied houses; clusters etc. may be needed to add to the variety of housing.
Method of Study
This research is essentially an analysis of a specific urban house form and its context that is the Uttara Model Town. A brief sketch of socio- economic development of urban middle class society would also be made.
The information relating the model town would be acquired from secondary sources, both published and unpublished, while the study of the form and context of the contemporary house form would be based on mainly practical experience.
Bangladesh is a small developing country with a large population of 130million, making it one of the densely populated country in the world1. Bangladesh, being located in a tropical region has an average temperature of 24 °C to 38 °C. Rain with high wind is common and also the presence of high humidity. The country is divided into six divisions and each one contains several districts and at present there 64 districts and 127 municipalities. The capital city Dhaka and the port city Chittagong are the major target for rapid urbanization. Figure: 2 Political map of Bangladesh
Urbanization in Bangladesh Urban population growth rates in Bangladesh are the highest among the South- and South-East Asian countries. For example, average annual urban population growth rates in India and Thailand in the late 1960s were 4.0%, and 4.8% respectively against 6% in Bangladesh at the same period. Urban areas started to grow steadily particularly in the post British period when the British left the Indian sub-continent. However the rate became more significant after the country achieved independence in 1971. The main reason for this population increase besides the natural growth can be enumerated as following:
1. Change in the status of towns in different levels accompanied with offices, industries, and academic institutions attracting people of various professions.
2. Attraction of socio-cultural, educational and health and others facilities in the city. The concentration of different institution also led to high growth of the educated middle class.
Population density 850per sq.km,2000 (Est.)