Housing at Uttara Model Town in Dhaka City
3. Large scale migration following natural disasters (flood, tornado) in different years or man-made calamities like war, famine etc. 4. Deteriorating economic condition in the rural areas, increasing poverty and landlessness pushing the rural poor towards the cities. This resulted in growth of people working in the informal sector within low in come range. Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.9%and highest 10%: 28.6% (1995-96 est.) Uttara Model Town Unplanned settlements Planned settlements Unplanned settlements Planned settlements Unplanned settlements Planned settlements
City: Dhaka Dhaka being the capital and largest metropolitan city of Bangladesh with its employment opportunities and other commercial activities has attracted the largest number of migrants from all parts of the country. As a result the population has increased tremendously during this period (1971-80) compared to the expansion in the city area. In 1991 it was estimated that 40% percent of the total urban population live in Dhaka city. Dhaka has grown from a town of just 0.5 million people in 1957 into a metropolis of more than 7.0 million in 1991 over an areas (Dhaka metropolitan development plan-DMDP) of 1528sq.km (590 square miles)2. Old Dhaka along the River Buriganga Figure 3: Map of Dhaka showing the Uttara Model Town and other settlements.
Dhaka’s role includes full range of national government and administrative functions together with high proportions of all national industrial, commercial, cultural and recreational activities. All governmental decisions and the greater part of political activity originate from Dhaka.
Migration to Dhaka Migration igures give a picture on the af inity of the migrants towards the bigger cities. Number of total rural to urban migration was over 2,400,000 in 1961-74. This was 6 times higher than that in between 1951-61 and constituted nearly 60% of the total urban population increase. Three big cities combined absorbed nearly 2/3rds of the whole urban-bound migrants; Dhaka alone accommodated 38.83% of the total migrants
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 1991.