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Urban centres

1980 Population (Millions)

1980 Households (000’s)

2000 Population (Millions)

2000 Households (000’s)

1980-2000 New housing units req

Dhaka Chittagong Khulna

3.5 1.43 0.70

515 220 108

9.3 4.0 2.4

1691 727 418

(000) 1176 507 310

Housing at Uttara Model Town in Dhaka City

Table 1: Population growth of urban areas and new shelter requirements (1980-2000).

Figure 4: View showing the dense settlements of Dhaka

Housing situation in Dhaka faces the formidable problem of providing minimum shelter of acceptable standard to everybody. The scene is depicted by the volume of slums and squatters, number of families per house- hold, trend in house- hold formation, etc.

The Urban Middle Class In Indian subcontinent the middle class emerged more as a consequence of changes in the system of law and public administration than as a result of economic and technological development. The members of the middle class belong to the learned professions. The real growth of middle class was more of a 20th C. phenomenon with the growth of government jobs in civil, military, police, railway and river services along with the growth of institutions for professional education of doctors, engineers and advocates. 'This growth of the professions and the number of Indians (before subdivision) in government service coincides with a steady increase in urbanization after 1900 and the faster growth of individual cities.

Urbanization introduced major changes in the system of education and occupation. Traditionally, specific trade or occupation of each member of indigenous society was birth ascribed. Achieved characteristics are mainly economic and refer to formal education and training. Whereas in traditional system children followed their parents into their roles, education was at individual level without formal schooling.

Western ideas increasingly in iltrated into the middle-class thinking through their education, in service training and the media- books, journals and press. This influenced gradual change in the concept of family, life-style and living. Metropolitan society and the job structure together created preference for nuclear family to replace the traditional joint family. Westernization encouraged both spatial and temporal compartmentalization of activities in cities as well as in domestic level. The home and work place was no longer synonymous. The cities eventually compartmentalized into residential, commercial, recreational and industrials zones. Single used areas replaced traditional mixed land use. In the domestic level the trend was to


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