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Housing at Uttara Model Town in Dhaka City

Table 4: Actual distribution plots and the percentage of area.

2520sft

38.76

670

16

2521-2880sft

32.24

520

12

3600sft

176.80

2381

55

5400sft

90.62

761

17

Total

358.40

4302

100

% Of Area

Nos. of plots

Area of plots in

Area in

sft.

acres

From the initiation of the project the sector plans had to be reviewed which were made to accommodate more and more plots and thereby reducing area for community facilities. This led to the deteriorating of overall conditions of the sectors.

The objective of reducing high density in the central city by building independent residential community in Satellite Town was not a practical solution until and unless the same population is decentralised to the township. In practice, the allotment process was open to all, whether the applicant’s are from Dhaka central business district or from any other area, who can afford to purchase the plot.

Banani

27,000

225,000

4,00,000

4,00,000,

10,00,000

Gulshan

45,000

275,000

5,00,000

10,00,000

Uttara

45,000

1,50,000

8,00,000

12,00,000

1987

Table 4: DIT developed land price in Takas / Bigha (Residential)

10

Areas

1965-75

1975-76

1977

1981

So, in reality, it happened that any one, who had the intention and ability to invest, has applied for a plot in the township and got allotted. So the allottees continued to live in government housing and held the plot for future investment.

Out of the applicants maximum number were of government service holders who had the intention of settling after retirements. As a result most of the plots allotted up to 1975 to such persons were vacant till 1980. According to survey in 1984 only 25% of the allotted plots had built-up structures. Of these structures 57% were of single storied buildings, which reflected the low density of population of the township. Again the land and the infrastructure were provided so slowly that the price rise and it becomes a commodity, which the rich buy and speculate in.

The roads, electrification works, water supply to al sectors was ensured only in the 1984-85, that is 14 years after the initial completion of work. The problem of providing communication was solved in the late 80s.The schools, colleges and commercial functions began to be built in the late 80s.But still the plots were empty in the new areas of sector 10,11etc.

So we can easily discern that the housing was not meant for the whole of middle class society.

The Individual House in the Uttara Model Town

The project is situated in the western part of the model town, which developed in the 80s.The client required a design approach, which would accommodate a multi-storeyed walk-up apartment housing with different space requirement for owners and tenants.

The owner family type played a crucial role in determining the different sizes of units atypical of identical demands of apartment on each floor.

10

Source DIT (RAJUK) records.

1-9

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