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FIGURE 7 Trends in Outlays on Children and Other Major Items in the Federal Budget, 1960–2009

$3,500

All Outlays not categorized below

Billions of 2009 Dollars

$3,000

$2,500

$2,000

$1,500

Interest on the debt Defense Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid Children

Other unspecified: $1.08 trillion

Interest: $187 billion

Defense: $657 billion

$1,000

Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid: $1.26 trillion

$500

$0

Children: $334 billion

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

Source: The Urban Institute and The Brookings Institution, 2010. Authors' estimates based on data from the Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2011 and previous years. Note: Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid excludes spending already captured as children's spending.

Percentage of GDP

2005

2009

2.0%

2.3%

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

Children: 0.6%

0.7%

1.0%

1.4%

1.4%

1.2%

1.2%

1.7%

1.6%

24.7%

    • 7.6

      %

    • 1.3

      %

    • 4.6

      %

8.9%

2.3%

Source: The Urban Institute and The Brookings Institution, 2010. Authors' estimates based on data from the Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2011 and previous years. Note: Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid excludes spending already captured as children's spending.

FIGURE 8 Trends in Outlays on Children and Other Major Items in the Federal Budget, Measured as Percentage of the Economy (GDP), 1960–2009

0%

2.0%

25%

20%

15%

10%

5%

    • 4.6

      %

    • 1.3

      %

9.3%

FIGURE 9 Trends in Expenditures on Children as a Share of Domestic Federal Spending

Percentage of Domestic Spending

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

22%

20%

All Outlays not categorized below

Interest on the debt Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid Children (Outlays) Children (Tax Reductions)

44%

14%

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005 2009

Source: The Urban Institute and The Brookings Institution, 2010. Authors' estimates based on data from the Budget of the U.S. Government Fiscal Year 2011 and previous years. Notes: Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid excludes spending already captured as children's spending. For this exercise, domestic spending includes tax expenditures on children as well as outlays on all budget items other than defense and international affairs.

AN ANALYSIS OF FEDERAL EXPENDITURES ON CHILDREN

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