The intent of this section is to ensure that all used or modified fire apparatus, equipped with a pump or used for tanker service, essentially meets the requirements of Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada “Standard for Automobile Fire Fighting Apparatus” – S515, or subsequent current editions of the Standard. Full adherence with the following specified tests is recommended.
Load Balance Test: When fully laden (including a 460 kg (1,000 pounds) personnel weight, full fuel and water tanks, specified load of hose and miscellaneous equipment), the vehicle shall have a load balance of 22% to 50% of total vehicle mass on the front axle and 50% to 78% of this mass on the rear axle.
Distribution of mass of 33% and 67% respectively on the front and rear axles is preferable for a vehicle having dual rear tires, or tandem rear axles.
For a vehicle having tandem rear axles and dual tires on each axle, a loading of between 18% and 25% on the front axle with a balance of mass on the rear axles is permissible.
From a standing start, the apparatus shall attain a true speed of 55 kmh (35 mph) within 25 seconds for pumpers carrying up to 3,150 litres (700 gallons) of water.
For apparatus carrying in excess of 3150 litres (700 gallons) or apparatus equipped with aerial ladders or elevating platforms, a true speed of 55 km/h (35 mph) in 30 seconds should be attained.
2.1.2The vehicle should attain a top speed of at least 80 kmh (50 mph).
Braking Test: The service brakes shall be capable of bringing the fully-laden apparatus to a complete stop from an initial speed of 30 kmh (20 mph) in a distance not exceeding 9 meters (30 ft) on a dry, hard surfaced road that is free of loose material, oil or grease.