Ready access to the concealed wiring and cables should be provided and station-wide public address system is desirable.
A minimum of two showers, two water closets, two urinals and two wash basins should be provided for the male personnel and the equivalent for the female personnel.
The electrical system should be surveyed and determined by a qualified electrical engineer. There should be plenty of service outlets for cooking, air conditioning, radio, television, battery charges, electric portable tools, projection and sound equipment, etc.
Fluorescent lighting fixtures are recommended in all areas with possible exceptions of closets, storage rooms and basements. Exterior floodlights are advisable for drives and parking areas.
Ample window, providing plenty of daylight, eases the demand on lighting circuits.
A clean, soundproof room dedicated to self-contained breathing apparatus air filling can be incorporated into the design. The compressor and air bank can be located for easy access. All breathing air must comply with WCB Regulation 14.25.
A well-equipped lecture and reading room with good chairs, convenient tables, television, VCR, radio, and a library with books and subscriptions to leading Fire Trade periodicals is desirable.
While the requirements considered above are common to both volunteer and paid departments, there are some differences in station design. Because the volunteer station may be used for other functions, they are equipped with kitchens, sometimes meeting rooms which can be divided into several smaller rooms as the occasions require by means of folding partitions. A separate entrance will help alleviate traffic through the fire station.
Because the fire protection needs of jurisdictions are always changing, a fire station which is adequate today may require extensive expansion or modification in just a few years. It is necessary for local fire stations to be designed and constructed to accommodate anticipated changes to their staff, equipment and services.
Only when they have been designed for flexibility and adaptability to change can these essential facilities expand and adjust to meet new demands with the cost effective alterations.