The specialists of Spanish, Arabic, and English languages who gave us feedback7 on the Russian
Workbooks confirmed that these definitions of SCC and SLC by Russian linguistics are applicable not
only to Russian, but to Spanish, Arabic, and English as well. This helps to confirms our hypothesis that
that SCC and SLC competencies include not only language-specific qualities and characteristics, but
generic aspects as well. Let demonstrate the correlation between generic and language-specific aspects
of SCC and SLC.
Let us begin with the SCC. As we mentioned earlier, definitions of this competence in
Russian linguistics are based on the concept of background knowledge. The most obvious link in
Russian linguistics between SCC and BK is in linguocultural didactics, a trend in the
methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language based on close relations between
language and cultutre. The connection between SCC and BK has been made not only in Russian
linguistics but is reflected also in the schema theory of reading and the concept of cultural
literacy which emerged in the US but are widely accepted by linguists throughout the world.8
7 This feedback was provided through our questionnaire (See attachments) discussions at the CDLCAnnual Conference and personal conversations. Anderson, R. C. (1984a). Role of the reader's schema in comprehension, learning, and memory. In R. C. Anderson, J. Osborn, & R. J. Tierney (Eds.), Learning to read in American schools: Basal readers and content texts. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 8
Anderson, A. C. (1984b). Some reflections on the acquisition of knowledge. Educational Researcher, 13, 5 - 10.
Armbruster, B. B., & Brown, A. L. (1984). Learning from Reading: The role of meta-cognition. In R. C. Anderson, J. Osborn, & R. J. Tierney (Eds.), Learning to read in American schools: Basal readers and content texts. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bransford, J. D. (1984). Schema activation and schema acquisition: Comments on Richard C. Anderson's remarks. In R. C. Anderson, J. Osborn, & R. J. Tierney (Eds.), Learning to read in American schools: Basal readers and content texts. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Briggs, L. J., & Wager, W. W. (1981). Handbook of the procedures for the design of instruction (2nd Ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ.. Educational Technology Publications.
Derry, S. J., & Murphy, D. A. (1986). Designing systems that train learning ability: From theory to practice. Review of Educational Research, 56, 1 - 39.