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phenomenon independently in communication and demonstrate an ability to interpret it. For each

exercise type, we suggest several possible examples of exercises which can be used as a model and

adapted to specific teaching/learning situations. The number of exercises necessary for mastering a

studied phenomenon, will also vary from student to student and exercise type to exercise type. Each

exercise assignment has a reference to the part of the chapter that student should know in order to

complete the assignment and to the answer key that includes not only the correct answer but additional

comments as well. We encourage our colleagues to develop their own exercise in additional to the ones

provided that will be beneficial for improving SCC and SLC of students.

Identification exercises12 teach the student to recognize the studied component of a

competency, its type or linguistic characteristics. This type of exercises is aimed at developing the

passive skill of recognizing and identifying a studied phenomenon in the flow of oral or written

communication. We recommend starting with identification exercises for written communication

and then move on to taped oral communication and finally to live oral communication as this

progression will provide increasing challenges for students.

Without developed skills in passive recognition of studied components of SCC and SLC,

students cannot move towards the more active skills of analysis, and then assisted, followed by

independent use and creation of these components. After completion of this group of exercises,

students should be able not only to identify a particular component but to also identify its

classification and major linguistic indicators. With this skill, students are usually ready to move on

to the next group of substitution exercises.

Language materials that are used in this group of exercises will also be used in other types of

exercises and are the key to the entire system of learning activities. They increase retention of


See Appendix 2 for exercise examples.


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