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newspaper, 73,000 cases were filed under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act before a court in Bangalore. Such large number of cases would take long time for their disposal under the present set-up of the courts. These disputes are not merely criminal trials but they involve the interests of commercial circles/economy of the globe.

2.19 In the age of international trade and globalization, it is even more important that people must have implicit faith in the credibility and honesty of the system. Unfortunately, sanctity and credibility of cheques in commercial transactions have been eroded to a large extent.24

2.20 Several central statutes including the Negotiable Instruments Act have contributed more than 50% to 60% of the litigation in the trial courts. These enactments are referable to List I or List III of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India. Article 247 of the Constitution enables the Union Government to establish additional courts for better administration of laws made by Parliament or existing laws with respect to a matter enumerated in the Union List.

    • 2.21

      Mr. Justice R. C. Lahoti, ex-CJI, (on the ‘Law Day’ November 26,

  • 2004)

    on the matter of pendency of cases quoted the following from the

speech of late Dr. L. M. Singhvi, Senior Advocate and the then President, Supreme Court Bar Association:

“Increasing institution of cases, mounting arrears, accumulating congestion in courts and inevitable law’s delays have given rise not to

24

Supra note 19.

22

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