Traditional concept of "access to justice" as understood by common man is access to courts of law. For a common man, a court is the place where justice is meted out. But the courts have become inaccessible due to various barriers such as poverty, social and political backwardness, illiteracy and ignorance etc.
To get justice through courts, one must go through the complex and costly procedures of litigation. One has to bear the costs of litigation including court fee, stamp duties etc. and also the lawyers’ fees. Apart from these, the litigant loses much more in financial terms such as loss of income arising from attending the court hearings. A poor litigant who is barely able to feed himself will never be able to get justice or obtain redress for a wrong done to him through courts. Further, a large part of the population in India is illiterate and live in abject poverty. Therefore, they are totally ignorant about the court procedures and will be terrified and confused when faced with the judicial machinery. Thus most of the citizens of India are not in a position to enforce their rights, constitutional or legal, which in effect generates inequality contrary to the guarantees of Part III of the constitution.
Large population, more litigation and lack of adequate infrastructure are the major factors that hamper our justice system. Regular adjudication procedures through the constant efforts of Legal Services Authorities will act as catalysts in curing these maladies of our system.