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trial was first recognized in the first Hussainara Khatoon case29.

In

Surinder Singh v. State trial is implicit in the

of Panjab30, the Supreme Court broad sweep and content of

held that a Article 21

speedy of the

Constitution.

In

Hussainara

Khatoon

case31,

the

Supreme

Court

directed

that

all

undertrial

prisoners

against

whom charge-sheets

had

not

been

filed

within the limitation-period should be released. second Hussainara Khatoon case32 that the constitutional obligation to provide for a speedy

The Court observed in the State can not avoid its trial by pleading financial

or administrative inability. Directions were issued for taking positive like setting up new courts, providing more staff and equipment to appointment of additional judges and other measures calculated to speedy trial.

action, courts, ensure

4.2

Subsequently,

the

Supreme

Court

has

repeatedly

emphasized

the

importance of speedy trial in many cases. State of Bihar v. Uma Shankar

Kotriwal33; Kadra Pahadiya v. State of Bihar34; State of Maharashtra Champalal Punjaji Shah35; S. Guin V. Grindlays Bank36; Sheela Barse Union of India37; Raghubir Singh v. State of Bihar38; Rakesh Saxena

v. v. v.

State39;

Srinivas

Pal

v.

Union

Territory

of

Arunachal

Pradesh40;

State

of

29

AIR 1979 SC 1360.

30

(2005) 7 SCC 387.

31

Supra note 29.

32

AIR 1979 SC 1369.

33

AIR 1981 SC 641.

34

AIR 1982 SC 1167.

35

Supra note 28.

36

AIR 1986 SC 289.

37

AIR 1986 SC 1773.

38

(1986) 4 SCC 481.

39

(1987) 1 SCR 173.

40

AIR 1988 SC 1729.

33

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