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Andhra Pradesh v. P. V. Pavithran41.

In Abdul Rehman Antulay v. R.S.

Nayak42, the applicable to

Supreme Court summarized 11 principles as guidelines a speedy trial. These guidelines are only illustrative and not

exhaustive.

They are not intended to operate as hard and

applied as a straitjacket formula.

This decision was held to

fast rules or

be

be correct in

P.

Ramachandra Rao v. State of

Karnataka43.

4.3

The speedy trail is guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution of

India. Any delay in expeditious disposal of criminal trial infringes the right to life and liberty guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The debate on judicial arrears has thrown up number of ideas on how the judiciary can set its own house in order. Alarmed by the inordinate delay in disposal of the backlog of cases, it has been decided to introduce Fast Track

Courts.

Thus, Fast Track Courts are to tackle the cases of undertrials first, as

the graph of such persons in jail has gone high. It is high confidence of people in this country in judiciary by justice.44

time to restore the providing speedy

4.4

Fair trial obviously would mean a trial before an impartial judge, a

fair prosecutor and atmosphere of judicial calm. Fair trial means a trial in which bias or prejudice for or against the accused, the witnesses or the cause

which is being tried is eliminated.

Failure to accord fair hearing either to the

41

AIR 1990 SC 1266.

42

AIR 1992 SC 1701.

43

(2002) 4 SCC 578.

44

Supra note 26, p. 245.

34

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