rehabilitative programmes, facilitated by the Youth Enhancement Academy (YEA) established by the Department. Rehabilitation is facilitated through a structured programme of skills training, and a values- and attitudes-oriented development programme. The Academy has a total of 104 inmates, selected from the over 600 young inmates on the basis of their adaptability to the programme, or the degree of security risk that they pose.
Skills Training in the Prison Population
The programme focuses on vocational training in woodwork, mechanics, welding, plumbing, agriculture, livestock production, and electrical wiring. Some of these skills are used as production mechanisms and income-generating projects, in order to assist in the upkeep of both the institution and the inmates.
Programmes to Effect a Positive Approach Towards Health, Attitudes, and Values in the Prison Population
Inmates at the YEA are subject to a firm, disciplined, correctional environment, where there are frequent drills, exercises, and military discipline. This is aimed at creating a more disciplined individual, thus assisting in the reduction and prevention of recidivism. There are also life-training skills, facilitated by non-governmental organisations (NGOs), in order to enhance the self-development of the inmate. A community service programme is also in existence, whereby inmates assist in clean-up work in schools, hospitals, and other community institutions, as a form of restitution to society, in order to promote love and respect for the community and others who live in it. There have been no recorded programmes for health education.
Based on the information available, it appears that Belize has not placed much emphasis on prison education, nor has it made it a priority in its educational reform strategies. This may be due to the fact that it has had limited resources to do so. In 1998 and 1999, it operated on a very limited budget, all of which was utilized for administrative services and the feeding of inmates. Thus, there was heavy reliance on volunteers and NGOs in managing the programme. Nevertheless, there have been indications of success. Of more than 100 youths who have been released, only 12 have returned to prison; a recidivism rate of approximately 12.5%. This is significantly lower than the rate of 60% that obtains for several other countries.
There are also plans by the government to further expand this rehabilitative process, including the following:
Staff training on the culture of peace and literacy in prisons, targeting 60 levels and 10 correctional officers. This will be conducted through workshops. Upgrading the infrastructure to include two fully-equipped classrooms, materials, for example, computers and a library.
members of staff at all regional and national
and providing literacy
The major focus of the government of Curaçao in the area of education is on primary and secondary education. However, the government has stated, in reviewing its EFA obligation, that it is committed to the reduction of adult illiteracy rates on the island. As stated in its EFA country assessment report (Netherlands Antilles. Department of Education, 1999), the government is committed to: the further development of adult education in its diverse forms, in co-operation with private initiatives; the