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cleanliness, co-operation, citizenship, and silence. There was, however, no structured programme aimed at promoting these values and attitudes among adults, as the government had proposed.

In terms of health, there have been various health drives aimed at educating adults in the country. There have been ongoing drives on the importance of breastfeeding and child care; and the prevention of AIDS, HIV, and other sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), to name a few. The most recent has been the drive to get adults immunised against the dreaded rubella disease. These drives have been conducted through the use of different health centres island-wide.

What this means is that, although there has not been a structured programme administering health education and facilitating the development of positive values and attitudes, the various programmes and drives have become part of the daily lives of the Jamaican people.

Programmes to Effect a Positive Approach Towards Health, Attitudes, and Values in the Prison Population

There is great emphasis in Jamaican correctional institutions on the development of positive values and attitudes among inmates. The following are some of the measures undertaken:

  • A Risk Assessment Programme which assesses inmates on seven criminological factors. This makes it possible for them to receive treatment or attention according to their specific needs or their risk of recidivism.

  • A programme of staff training on the handling and prevention of riots.

  • A chaplaincy service focusing on spiritual and moral development, in order to promote positive attitudes and development.

  • A training programme in alternative dispute resolution mounted by the Dispute Resolution Foundation. This is a process for dispute resolution, involving a third party or a mediator, that facilitates discussions between disputing inmates. Individuals are trained in the art of mediation.

  • The recruitment of additional medical personnel, a psychiatrist, and two social workers, specially employed at the George Davis Centre for mentally challenged inmates, a new development.

  • An education drive on AIDS/HIV, as the issue of the spread of the disease has become cause for concern in the island’s correctional institutions.

It can, therefore, be concluded that education is not only available to adults in the general society but also to the inmates of the island’s correctional centres. There is, however, more emphasis on literacy training in the general adult population than in the ‘prison’ population. The emphasis within the institutions seems to be on values and attitudes followed by skills training and health. Reports emanating from the correctional institutions suggest that there is a gap between the intent of programmes and actual results. Nonetheless, a wide variety of interventions is directed at rehabilitation.

St. Lucia

In 1991, the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) established a Working Group which held a series of in-depth consultations on, and reviews of, the islands’ education systems in order to propose adequate reform for these systems. This eventually led to the establishment of the OECS Education Reform Strategy: Foundation for the Future (1991), which was adopted by the Ministers of Education and Prime Ministers of the individual OECS members as the long-term policy for educational development in the sub-region. Thus, as expressed in the 1999 Education for All: Assessment Report, the mission statement of the St. Lucian Ministry of Education, Human Resource Development, Youth and Sports is: “To provide equity of access, increased opportunity and quality service in the areas of


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