Programmes to Effect a Positive Approach Towards Health, Attitudes, and Values in the General Adult Population
The following are programmes designed for the general adult population:
Servol has been instrumental in promoting motivational and attitudinal development for adolescents between the ages of 16 to 19 through the Adolescent Development Programme (ADP), which is designed to make a significant impact on their attitude. It lasts for a period of 14 weeks and seeks to get participants to understand themselves, their attitudes, complexes, prejudices, and personalities.
YTEPP also offers an attitudinal training programme for the development of positive self- concept.
Like with skills training, however, there remains the issue of the age limitation. These programmes are geared towards the development of young adults and there are no programmes recorded in the country reports which facilitate older adults. Health education for adults in the general population is offered largely through specific campaigns; health institutions, and the Health Education Unit of the relevant Ministry.
Programmes to Effect a Positive Approach Towards Health, Attitudes, and Values in the Prison Population
Within its prison system, Trinidad and Tobago has an organised drug rehabilitation programme, co- ordinated by prison welfare officers. Participants are chosen based on the offence that brought them within the confines of the system. The programme, which is geared towards their re-entry into society, involves counselling, mediation, and physical exercises. The course is covered in 12 sessions over a 12- week period, and may be extended on the prisoners’ release. There is also a programme of human spirituality, delivered through a number of religious groups that visit and carry out religious classes throughout the institution. This is geared towards making the individual a more peaceful person. Classes on stress management are also held within the prison system.
It can be observed that because of the drive to eradicate adult illiteracy in Trinidad and Tobago, there is much emphasis on literacy and skills training programmes. The aim is to produce a population that is fully literate and equipped with the necessary skills to obtain meaningful employment. Thus, Trinidad and Tobago is, in fact, targeting the EFA guidelines in the areas of literacy and skills training for its general adult population. However, there is one gap--there seems to be no specific programmes targeting the EFA goals, in that adults over 30 years are not being reached. While the present method of skills training may be a preventive method for young adults, there needs to be corrective ones for the older adults. This has been carried over into the prisons to some extent. As evidenced, there is an organised system of literacy training geared towards the rehabilitation of all prisoners. The reports show less of an emphasis on skills training programmes; there does not seem to be a concrete and organised programme of skills training, similar to the literacy programmes, in Trinidad and Tobago’s prisons.
There is no report of a specific emphasis on organised health education programmes, specifically designed for adults in the general population. The situation is different in the prisons, where there seems to be more emphasis on health programmes.