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EXECUTIVE BUREAU – NAIROBI - Session of 7-8 May 2009 - page 12 / 22





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  • According to ILO projections, there might be 30 million new unemployed in 2009, including 23 million in the developing countries. 50 million people might lose their job in 2009 if a more pessimistic scenario is considered. According to some estimates, the number of poverty stricken people in 2009 might exceed by 55 to 90 million the figures foreseen before the crisis. These figures will rise if the crisis worsens and if the growth slows down again in developing countries. According to the World Bank, in Sub-Saharan Africa where there are very many poor people, the slowing down of growth will jeopardize the chances of rolling back poverty in 2009 as expected before the crisis.

  • According to the World Bank, the food crisis and the new global financial crisis annihilate the progress achieved in the fight against hunger and malnutrition. Prior to the food crisis in 2007, some 850 million people in developing countries did not have enough food. This figure rose to 960 million in 2008 and should exceed 1 billion in 2009.

  • The most worrying issue is the achievement of human development goals. According to estimates, the serious slowdown in the economic growth caused by the current financial crisis could result in an average of between 200, 000 and 400,000 additional deaths of children under one year old each year between 2009 and 2015, deadline for the realization of the Millennium Development Goals, which accounts for between 1.4 and 2.8 million new deaths of children under one year during this period. In poor countries, performance at school and rates of schooling also tend to decrease during economic crises, especially among girls.

  • Regarding the goal of stopping the spread of transmissible diseases such as HIV/AIDS and malaria, and starting to reverse the tendency, encouraging achievements have been made but the MDGs could only be achieved in this area if there is accelerated progress. Concerning the improvement of access to basic sanitation services, the goal is also far from being achieved.


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