Finally, there will be degradation of economic justice and deterioration of social justice.
3.3 Implications for African trade unions
The previous crises had already led to significant unemployment because of the decline of economic activities, the expansion of the informal economy as well as widespread precariousness and poverty. This situation had already started worsening the trade union membership decline in Africa and provoking trade union fragmentation. It led to declining trade union representativeness and effectiveness. This financial crisis might worsen the problems facing the African trade union movement. ITUC-Africa is aware of it.
4. Current actions undertaken by ITUC-Africa and the International trade union Movement
Since the 1980s, trade unions have always mobilised themselves at the global level to expose the problems of ultra-liberalism and to call upon the governments, the powerful nations, the international financial and economic institutions and the multinational companies to stop globalisation from drifting and being a hindrance. That is the reason why since the first symptoms of this crisis, the ITUC-Africa involved itself with ITUC and the international trade union movement not only to understand its contours and implications for African workers, but also to formulate proposals to get out of it and to mobilise its members.
4.1. Initiatives undertaken by ITUC-Africa
ITUC-Africa believes that the reasons why Africa is marginalized are many. However, the low involvement or the absence of the key actors, including workers and trade union organisations in the drafting and implementation of economic