with some prisons getting less Inspector of Prisons 2004: 37).
Prison Rules 1999 state that a convicted prisoner shall be required to do useful work for
work, where possible, outside the cells and have to be passed as being medically fit for four main types of work. First, prisoners
in association with one another. the work they are required to do. maintain and service the prison,
Prisoners There are including
grounds maintenance and working undertake low-skill work for external
contractors, such as bagging nails, filling
toys or undertake contracts complex production tasks,
with a either
‘craft’ element. Third, prisoners for external contractors or for
undertake more internal prison
consumption, services such
such as making clothing, furniture as hairdressing for other prisoners
or light engineering. They also provide and, sometimes, members of the public.
Finally, prisoners may work on prison prison consumption. Prisoners are not
farms, producing food entitled to the national
for commercial minimum wage
sale or and are
earned between £5 and £10 per week, depending on the nature may spend at the prison canteen (shop) via a credit system (no
of the work, which cash is handled) or
may save it. Prisoners who
wage structure is intended to provide an incentive to participate. to work, but cannot, for medical or other reasons, received £2.50 per
week (2002 are allowed
rates). Some prisoners, depending on the stage they are at in their sentence, to work outside establishments. Of the prisoners we interviewed, Muriel had
been allowed to work outside the prison other long term prisoner interviewed.
Rules 1999 state that every prisoner able to profit from the education facilities at a shall be encouraged to do so. Educational classes shall be arranged at every
prison and reasonable facilities shall be afforded to prisoners who wish improve their education by training by distance learning, private study and
to do so to recreational
prisoners with special educational hours normally allotted to work. prisoner is allowed to have library
needs, and if necessary they shall Every prison is required to have books and to exchange them.
be taught a library
within the and every
In 2001 The Prisoners’ Learning and Skills Unit (PLSU) was created. It is a partnership between the Prison Service and the Department for Education and Skills (DfES). The PLSU is responsible for drawing up a programme of action for the improvement of prison education and training and its links with resettlement. Some of PLSU’s main aims include reviewing the delivery and funding arrangements for education and training in prisons; promoting more effective and consistent educational and skills assessment, induction and individual learning plans; developing the use in prisons of modern technology and working with partners to secure links between education and training inside prison and beyond the gate.
Education in prison is provided under contract by a range of further education colleges, local authority adult education providers and private companies. Vocational training and physical education are managed on a day-to-day basis by the Prison Service through
its 900 instructors.
Education and training provision is monitored by the same education