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number of community sentences in order to provide a stronger element of surveillance. In 2001, around 6,000 curfew orders with electronic monitoring were made. In the same year, around 14,000 prisoners were released on HDC and 90% successfully completed their curfew.

Hospital Order (for those with mental disorder) If an offender is diagnosed by qualified psychiatrists as suffering from a treatable mental illness under the Mental Health Act 1983, it is possible for a court to make an order for them to be committed to a psychiatric hospital for treatment instead of being sent to prison. They may be released either on the orders of the doctors treating them or - in more serious cases - by the Mental Health Review Tribunal.

From: www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/adviceandsupport/beforeafterrelease/resettlement Resettlement Resettlement is where prisoners and their families receive assistance and support from the Prison and Probation Services, and voluntary agencies to help them prepare for life after prison. This includes advice about their entitlement to state benefits, training, education, work experience and preparation for release. The objective is to help prisoners return to normal life, get a job and home, and cope with life without re-offending. There are a number of initiatives that help us achieve this objective.

Prisoners preparing for release

A prisoner may be asked to attend groups or courses to help them with any behaviour problems they may have, such as alcohol or drug abuse, gambling, financial pressures, depression, aggression or lack of temper control, or sexual matters.

Pre-release courses

These courses help prisoners deal with the problems they may face after being released. These include help with housing, employment, benefits, health, drugs, alcohol and family. The National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (Nacro) has a computer-based service (called EASI) that provides up-to- date information on housing, employment, training and education, benefits and money advice and counselling services.

Resettlement Prisons and Units

These are designed to help prisoners, particularly those serving longer sentences, prepare for release. As part of the resettlement arrangements some prisoners are able to go out to training or work from the unit or prison and return when they have finished.

Community Work

Working for the local community is intended to give prisoners the chance to build self-confidence and at the same time develop a sense of social responsibility. The work can include local environment projects, work with the elderly or people with disabilities, sports activities and fund-raising.

Earned community visits


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