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Gender and Race Differences in Leader Behaviour Preferences in South Africa - page 18 / 35

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DISCUSSION

The results indicate that race and gender have significant effects on reported preferred explicit leader behaviours, particularly for factor 1: Representation, measures to what degree the leader speaks as the representative of the group; factor 2: Demand Reconciliation, reflects how well the leader reconciles conflicting demands and reduces disorder to system: and 10: Predictive Accuracy measures to what extent the leader exhibits foresight and ability to predict outcomes accurately. Table 1 and Chart 1 indicate the sources of the differences.

Booysen’s (2001) reported results, discussed above, indicated differences between, Blacks and Whites for both males and females. In Table 2, the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis of all sub-samples, Black and White males and females were more similar to one another than to Asians and Coloureds, remembering that the latter two groups have very small sample sizes, particularly the Coloured samples. Comparisons between Booysen’s conclusions and this study from the analyses of variances shown in Table 3 follow:

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INSERT TABLE 3 ABOUT HERE

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In general, Booysen’s (2001) conclusions that Black women emphasized collective mutual support and interdependence, concern for employees, compared to

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