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Gender and Race Differences in Leader Behaviour Preferences in South Africa - page 21 / 35





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The Coloured and Asian Samples

While the sample size precludes reliable statistical analysis, the small sample of Coloured managers and workers indicated very large differences between Coloured genders and from the other sub-samples. The cluster analysis estimates of dissimilarity between the sub-samples indicate a dramatic consistent difference between Coloured males and all other groups, with universally lower scores. The Coloured females were the next most dissimilar with generally higher scores. Asian males and females indicated frequent differences from the other groups in Table 2. In the design for future investigation of this racial group, one possible clue to understanding the large differences in the Coloured samples preferences for leader behaviour may lie in their history within the country. Those commonly classified as “Coloured” during the apartheid era were deeply affected by specifically directed segregation policies of forced movement into ghettoes between 1948 and 1990. Vandenbosch (1979) pointed out that there was no concise definition of a Coloured person. African law under apartheid classified the inhabitants of South Africa into four categories: Whites, Bantus, Indians (or “Asians”), and Coloureds. Generally, legally, Coloureds were what remained after all other races had been subtracted. This relatively small sub-population, lacking family and ethnic historic roots perhaps suffered the most (Martin, 2000; Stone, 1995). Morse and Peele (1974) proposed that in 1969-1970 the effects of the isolation of Coloureds by apartheid laws and policies had led to Coloureds feeling both "relatively deprived" in comparison with Whites and "relatively gratified" in comparison with Blacks. With the

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