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Gender and Race Differences in Leader Behaviour Preferences in South Africa - page 34 / 35





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Table 3

Booysen’s conclusions

Results of this study

Blacks are not as results-driven as Whites. Whites were more bottom-line driven in their cultural orientation while Blacks were more people focused which is consistent with their belief in Ubuntu.

For F9: Production Emphasis, the two sub-samples with the highest preferences for this behaviour were Black Females and Black Males, with significantly higher means than the other groups.

Black women scored higher on humane orientation compared to White females.  

For F8: Consideration, the means for Black females was 3.44 and for White females 3.42, with only Coloured males (3.19) lower; with all other groups indicating a higher preference for Consideration behaviour.

The White females also scored higher on future orientation while Black women scored below average on future orientation.  

For F10: Predictive Accuracy, Black and White females’ means were nearly identical at about the all-group average.

Black women emphasized collective mutual support and interdependence, concern for employees, compared to White women

For F11: Integration, Black and White females’ means were nearly identical at about the all-group average. However, for F2: Demand Reconciliation: how well the leader reconciles conflicting demands and reduces disorder to the system, White females indicated this to be very important, along with Black and White Males, with Black females having a significantly lower mean than those groups.

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