X hits on this document

PDF document

LEADING COMMUNITY RISK REDUCTION - page 11 / 75

161 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

11 / 75

11

According to the USFA report, the leading type of material first ignited was paper

(USFA, 2001). Other materials ignited were fabrics, food/starch, and grease. Rohr’s

research supported this, adding that the leading form of material first ignited was trash

followed by cooking materials (NFPA, 2001). The leading activity of dormitory fire

victims was fire control at 56 percent. Sleeping constituted 24 percent while escaping

from the incident made up 16 percent of the activities of fire victims during fire incidents

(USFA, 2001).

Bryan (1997) conducted an examination of nine selected dormitory fires and six

fraternity house fires based on the occurrence of fatalities or injuries to occupants, along

with the availability of a published report for each incident. Appendix A provides a

listing of the dormitory fires Bryan studied. In all, 44 fatalities and 143 injuries were

reported as a result of these 15 incidents from 1967 to 1996. An examination of the

ignition and propagation variables of these incidents was conducted. Thirteen, or 86

percent of the fires occurred in the early morning hours between 1:00 am and 7:00 am.

Relative to ignition factors, Bryan found the pre-dominate ignition factors

appeared to be incendiary and smoking materials. Five of the incidents were attributed to

incendiary actions, while four were identified as involving smoking materials. In four of

these fire incidents the investigators could not determine the ignition source. The

remaining two fire incidents were caused by burning decorations in a fireplace and an

overloaded extension cord.

Upholstered sofas were the most predominate fuel immediately ignited in seven

of the fire incidents. The second most readily involved fuel material was trash. Wood

paneling, paper, and carpeting were also found to be fire propagation factors. Common

Document info
Document views161
Page views161
Page last viewedSat Dec 03 02:21:57 UTC 2016
Pages75
Paragraphs2103
Words14947

Comments