X hits on this document

PDF document

LEADING COMMUNITY RISK REDUCTION - page 14 / 75

220 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

14 / 75

14

decorations in the corridor supported the need for continuing fire safety inspections and

education.

The second incident discussed by Brannigan (2000) occurred at Cornell

University in Ithaca, New York on April 5, 1967. The dormitory was a two-story fire

resistive building with a basement. Unfortunately, the building also contained a great

deal of plywood and combustible ceiling. A fire occurred in the basement lounge thought

to have started by smoking materials. Doors to the stairway had been removed for

shortening in order to accommodate carpeting. The basement doors were wedged open.

The lack of door closures allowed the spread of fire from the basement to other areas of

the dormitory. Nine victims died, all of asphyxiation.

An NFPA investigative summary detailed the significant factors of a fraternity

fire at the University of North Carolina on May 12, 1996 (NFPA, 1996). The incident

occurred on Mother’s Day and resulted in the deaths of five students. The presence of

combustible interior finishes and an open central stairway contributed to the loss of life.

In addition, the improper use or disposal of smoking materials caused the incident.

In summary, the literature review showed the instance of fires in American

college dormitories is a regular occurrence. The causes of these fires are varied.

However, an alarmingly high rate of incendiary/suspicious causes exist compared to other

residential fires. Cooking and smoking continue to be major causes of fires in

dormitories. Further, propagation factors have been studied providing information that

can be included in a fire safety education program. This includes materials that tend to

be first ignited along with routes of fire spread. The activities of college students prior to

and during fatal fires have been studied. Behavior, such as excessive use of alcohol at

Document info
Document views220
Page views220
Page last viewedSat Dec 10 18:46:56 UTC 2016
Pages75
Paragraphs2103
Words14947

Comments