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LEADING COMMUNITY RISK REDUCTION - page 29 / 75

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29

Students can be found using open flame devices at CSUF Dorms

15 10 5 0

According to the USFA (2001) and Rohr (NFPA, 2001), paper in the form trash

was the leading material first ignited followed by cooking materials. Bryan (1997) found

upholstered sofas and trash to be the leading form of fuel supporting combustion. Wood,

paper, and carpeting were also propagation factors. Demers (1978) summarized the

investigative report of the Providence College dormitory where ten students perished.

The burning of highly combustible decorations in a center corridor caused eight of the ten

fatalities.

Further, Bryan found construction variables to include open stairways or enclosed

stairs with doors blocked, open, or removed. The investigative reports by Comeau

(NFPA, 1995) and Isner (NFPA, 1996) concerning the Franklin Dormitory and Chapel

Hill Fraternity fires respectively also found open stairways contributed to fire spread.

Activities of students at the time of dormitory fires were noted by the USFA

(2001) report. The leading activity of fire victims was found to be fire control as

depicted in the chart on the next page.

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