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LEADING COMMUNITY RISK REDUCTION - page 33 / 75

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while three of the dormitories contain a Class II standpipe system on each floor. Such

systems are often called “House lines,” for use of the occupants. According to Wieder

and Smith (1998), the value of Class II standpipes to building occupants is questionable

as they are undependable for fire control operations. Also, Class II standpipe systems

may encourage occupants to attempt to fight a fire when their safer course may be to flee

the building. Other fire protection equipment identified by Summitt included fire

extinguishers.

Moore (2000) described minimum requirements of NFPA 101, the Life Safety

Code. According to Moore, a manual fire alarm system, an automatic sprinkler system,

or an automatic detection system is required for college dormitories. Moore argued that

these were minimum requirements, and that the safest dormitories maintained all three.

Grant (1999) supported this argument, stating the damage caused by fires is 78 percent

less in sprinkled buildings with fewer deaths. According to Grant, no record exists of a

fire killing more than two persons in any building that has been completely sprinkled.

The interview with Jeffrey Summitt revealed the dorms at CSUF maintain two of

three such systems: a manual fire alarm system and an automatic fire detection system.

According to Summitt, the complete installation of automatic sprinkler systems has been

identified by the administration of CSUF as a long-term goal; however, this has not been

accomplished due to budgetary constraints (see Appendix C for the list of questions

asked Jeffrey Summitt).

Mongeau (1999) described the advanced fire prevention and protection features of

West Campus Residence Hall at Northeastern University. The design features of the

dormitory ensured compartmentalization to prevent fire from spreading to corridors or

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