Social Movement: Functionalist Theories
Movements arise in response to widely-recognized need for change in the structure of society.
Movements seek to improve the functioning of society to respond to changes in the external environment.
Citizens share a sense of anxiety and frustration over existing institutions.
Citizens are mainly united in defining goals for a new structure to society.
Movements are functional in changing institutions to meet challenges of a new environment, training new leaders, and engendering social cohesion.
Movements are dysfunctional in creating transitional disruption in existing institutions and temporarily displacing individuals from existing roles.