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Social Movement: Functionalist Theories

Value-Added Theory

Emphasizes ongoing interaction between social movements and society.  That is, it is less “reaction to changing environment” and more “constant changes to society as the environment changes.”

Six essential conditions needed for change.

1.

Structural conduciveness: Societal institutions and leaders are open to change and new ideas.

2.

Structural strains: Recognition of strain in institutions and the need for change.

3.

Development of a generalized belief system regarding needed change and viable alternatives.

4.

Precipitating events.  Triggering events to mobilize already existing felt need for change.

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