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    Newly arrived parents and parenting #

TABLE 1. Comparison of socio-demographic variables in PMR* and non-PMR subjects

Variable

Child’s age (years) Child’s length of residence in Hong Kong (years) Mother’s age (years) Father’s age (years) Difference in age between the two parents (years) Mother’s length of residence in Hong Kong (years) Father’s length of residence in Hong Kong (years) Gender of target child Boy Girl Relationship between participant and childMother Father Family typeNuclear family Extended family Lone parent family Marital status Married/co-habitation Separated/divorced/widowed/never married Living arrangement§ Living with child Living with child only during weekends Other carers for child❘❘ Grandparents Relatives Domestic helper/paid childcare/others No other carer except parents Father’s education❘❘ Lower secondary or below Upper secondary or above Mother’s education❘❘ Lower secondary or below Upper secondary or above Father’s employment status❘❘ In work force Not in work force Mother’s employment status❘❘ In work force Not in work force Family income❘❘ HK$19 999 HK$20 000 CSSA** recipient status On CSSA Not on CSSA

257 (98%)

720 (97%)

4 (2%)

24 (3%)

Mean (95% CI) or No. (%)

PMR sample (n=261)

Non-PMR sample (n=753)

4.3 (4.0-4.5) 2.8 (2.7-3.0) 33 (33-34) 42 (41-43) 8.7 (7.9-9.5) 2.6 (2.4-2.9)

4.2 (4.2-4.2) 4.2 (4.1-4.2) 35 (35-36) 39 (38-39) 3.4 (3.1-3.7) 30.7 (30.0-31.4)

32.4 (30.5-34.3)

34.9 (34.3-35.5)

255 (98%)

732 (97%)

6 (2%)

21 (3%)

79 (30%)

236 (31%)

24 (9%)

56 (7%)

9 (3%)

253 (34%)

148 (57%)

208 (28%)

259 (99.6%)

678 (91%)

1 (0.4%)

69 (9%)

228 (90%)

716 (96%)

25 (10%)

28 (4%)

158 (61%)

401 (53%)

103 (39%)

352 (47%)

34 (13%)

401 (53%)

226 (87%)

350 (47%)

182 (70%)

556 (74%)

72 (28%)

176 (24%)

5 (2%)

15 (2%)

187 (72%)

201 (27%)

74 (28%)

551 (73%)

χ2, t, P value

t(1012)= –6.16, P<0.001 t(1011)=24.02, P<0.001 t(1011)=5.56, P<0.001 t(996)= –7.06, P<0.001 t(996)= –14.80, P<0.001 t(1007)=44.75, P<0.001 t(991)=3.11, P=0.002 χ2(1)=4.16, P=0.041

χ2(1)=23.37, P<0.001

χ2(2)=1.86, P=0.394

χ2(1)=0.18, P=0.672

χ2(1)=2.045, P=0.153

χ2(3)=115.93, P<0.001

233 (92%)

350 (47%)

19 (8%)

399 (53%)

161 (63%)

256 (34%)

95 (37%)

490 (66%)

28 (11%) 233 (89%)

25 (3%) 727 (97%)

χ2(1)=64.05, P<0.001

χ2(1)=165.43, P<0.001

χ2(1)=14.04, P<0.001

χ2(1)=128.07, P<0.001

χ2(1)=162.14, P<0.001

χ2(1)=21.42, P<0.001

Hong Kong Med J Vol 13 No 5 # October 2007 # www.hkmj.org

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