Father’s employment status
Mother’s employment status
β= –0.09, t= –2.28,
F(16, 960)=2.88, P<0.001, adjusted R2=0.03
F(16, 960)=5.03, P<0.001, adjusted R2=0.06
F(16, 960)=5.35, P<0.001, adjusted R2=0.07
F(16, 960)=9.28, P<0.001, adjusted R2=0.12
F(16, 959)=3.55, P<0.001, adjusted R2=0.04
β=0.21, t=4.73, P<0.001
β=0.10, t=2.29, P=0.022
Relationship between participant and child
β= –0.13, t= –2.53, P=0.012
Mother’s age Child’s age
P=0.556 P=0.701 P=0.561
P=0.213 P=0.291 P=0.701
P=0.731 P=0.168 P=0.700
P=0.407 P=0.057 P=0.957
Father’s length of residence in Hong Kong
β=0.09, t=2.41, P=0.016
Child’s length of residence in Hong Kong
Sex of target child
β= –0.12, t= –3.61, P<0.001
Other carers for child Father’s education
β= –0.08, t= –2.16, P=0.031
β=0.14, t=3.69, P<0.001
β= –0.10, t= –2.43, P=0.015
β= –0.12, t= –3.08, P=0.002
β= –0.12, t= –2.89, P=0.004
4.1 4.2 4.3
Themes and quotes It’s OK…I thought the feeling was quite good…every aspect…The family members are OK. ... (I) could adapt. (I) found it very hard to adapt, yes…That is, when I went out, my mood was very bad.
Index (AQ79-002: 7-10) (L41-014: 5-6) (AE008-001: 10)
When (I) first came here, (I) could not adapt, because I had no relatives, no friends. (I) felt very lonely. There’s no one to talk to.
Unhappy, I am unhappy in Hong Kong. That is, children are noisy and mother (in-law) likes quietness. And I am not happy. Mother (in-law) tells you off, like (you) cannot manage your child.
Because we live in rooms with partition boards, when children…are loud sometimes, this will disturb others. People will say things, and so (I) beat them and tell them off frequently. Therefore I am always unhappy.
If there’s someone who says that my husband is not good, I won’t marry him. However, up to now, I have not heard anyone say (he is) not good...That is, he is kind-hearted and is very nice to me. (He) really loves me very very much from his heart.
It’s all right. Not too many arguments (with my husband).
(E89-003: 32) (I15-006: 61)
(I) have been very angry. I tried to tolerate him (husband) all the time. I don’t want others to say that as soon as I arrive, I divorce. This is too much. (I) want to maintain (the marriage) but the way he (husband) is, I have no freedom, no personal freedom. This is very hard.
Training...I’d really want to attend…There is none here, that is, New Territories…Travelling is expensive…(You) read the newspaper and all (jobs require you to) know typing, and computer (operation).
Could provide more courses,…for example, English. It’s difficult to find jobs…Could provide more (jobs) like cleaning…home help…jobs that we are capable of doing.
(Q91-002: 40) (S89-001: 41)
TABLE 3. Regression results*
Newly arrived parents and parenting #
Hong Kong Med J Vol 13 No 5 # October 2007 # www.hkmj.org
TABLE 4. Quotes from participant interviews
ECBI denotes Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory, PSI-PD Parenting Stress Index–parental distress, and PSI-PCDI Parenting Stress Index–parent-child dysfunctional
PMR refers to “Persons from the Mainland of China having Resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 years”
CSSA denotes Comprehensive Social Security Assistance
Access to parenting education
CSSA‡ recipient status