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dimensions of organizational culture- clan (cooperative), adhocracy

(entpreneurial/innovative), hierarchy (compliant), and market (competitive) types. Here,

I refer to clan culture as clan or cooperative culture; adhocracy culture as entrepreneurial

or innovative; hierarchy culture as hierarchy or hierarchical, and market culture as market

or market-oriented culture culture. The initial questionnaire contained 20 questions (5 per

culture type) divided in four sections describing different aspects of the organizational

culture (e.g. sample item from clan reads: “This organization is a very personal place. It

is like an extended family. People seem to feel comfortable sharing their personal

Scale3

1 .50

Factor 2

3 .06

.05

4 .12

C

C

.79

.01

-.04

.08

C

.87

.03

-.18

-.09

C

.87

.02

.01

-.08

situations with colleagues.”). Respondents were instructed to rate the degree to which

each statement is characteristic of the culture that they experience it.

An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with principal axis factoring was conducted

on the coworker responses, specifying four factors. The factor structure revealed that two

of the items from the entrepreneurial culture had high cross-loadings, thus, were dropped

from further analysis. The results of the EFA are presented in table 3.

1. This organization is a very personal place. It is like an extended family. People seem to feel comfortable sharing their personal situations with colleagues. 2. The management style in this organization is characterized by teamwork, consensus, and participation. 3. The glue that holds this organization together is loyalty and mutual trust. Commitment to this organization runs high. 4. This organization emphasizes personal and

3

C refers to clan culture; E- entrepreneurial culture; M- market culture; H- hierarchy culture.

Items

Table 3: Exploratory Factor Analysis of Organizational Culture

63

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