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For the interaction hypotheses, the main effects were entered first (culture and

strength), followed by the interactive terms. Hypothesis 3a, in which I posited that clan

strength, will moderate the relationship between clan culture norms and helping role did

not receive support (=-.05, n.s.). The interactive effect of clan strength and clan culture

on achievement role hypothesis 3b), on the other hand, was significant. I plotted the

interaction in line with existing guidelines by using +1SD and –1SD from the means of

the independent variables as anchor values to represent the high and low values (Aiken &

West, 1991). The shape of the figure shows that there is a stronger negative relationship

between clan culture and achievement role when strength around teamwork is perceived

to be higher (= -.23, p< .05, R2 = .05).

On the other hand, there was an unexpected increase in achievement role in the

condition of higher clan culture and lower strength perceptions, such that when the

perceived strength and agreement around norms of teamwork was low, higher scores on

clan organizational culture contributed to higher achievement role. Hypothesis 3c and

Hypothesis 3d that predicted an interactive effect between market culture and market

strength on achievement and helping role respectively were not supported (= -.10, n.s. &

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    .16, n.s.).

The predicted interactive effects between entrepreneurial culture and

entrepreneurial strength on innovative and compliant role were not supported (= -.16,

n.s. & = -.13, n.s.), thus, failing to provide empirical support for hypothesis 3e and 3f.

Hypothesis 3g, which posited an interaction between hierarchy and hierarchy

strength on compliant role received some support. Specifically, the interaction term was

significantly related to compliant role perceptions (=-.25, p< .05, R2 = .05). Its shape


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