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Office of Student Learning & Partnerships

IDEA Part B Flow Through Funds to LEA’s

1.

What statute provides authorization for federal funding of early intervention and special education programs?

The US Department of Education provides funds to states through IDEA formula grant programs to assist states in providing a free appropriate public education to eligible students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment (IDEA 20 USC §1411).  IDEA Part B provides funding for special education services to children ages 3 to 21; Section 611 covers K-12 and Section 619 covers ages 3 thru 5.   Part C provides funding for infants and toddlers, birth through age two.  

2.  How much of the Federal IDEA allocation may the State reserve for administration and general supervision?

The State may reserve not more than 10% from the State’s allocation for fiscal years 2005 and 2006, and in fiscal year 2007 and beyond, the State is limited to reserving the amount they were eligible to reserve in 2006, adjusted for inflation [20 USC §1411(e)(2)(A)(i)].   These reserve funds shall be used by the State for monitoring, enforcement, complaint investigation, to establish and implement the mediation process required by 20 USC §1415(e), and to carry out all other authorized activities as needed [20 USC §1411(c)].  The remaining portion of the grant is referred to as “flow through funds”; ODE must allocate all IDEA Part B and C flow-through funds to LEAs or programs [20 USC §1411(f)(1)] .   

3.

Where can I find information regarding the amount of federal IDEA grant awards given to the States and how does OSEP determine how much funding each state is awarded?

Information regarding IDEA grants and other federal educational grants to states is posted online by OSEP.  Charts are listed by program or by state .

The old formula for determining federal funding for special education will continue to be applicable through fiscal year 2006 [20 USC §1411(a)(2)]:

Maximum Grant  = (85% Special Education population + 15% of overall population of Title 1 students) x  (40% of average per-pupil expenditure in US public K-12 schools)  

The formula for fiscal years 2007 and beyond includes an annual rate of change factor [20 USC §1411(a)&(d)].

85%  x (current year overall student population – previous year student population)      +

(previous year overall student population)

15% (current year Title 1 student population – previous year Title 1)    = Annual Rate of Change

(previous year Title 1 student population)

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