of Donald McKenzie. For the next 4 years they trapped an area stretching from the Tetons in the east, Salt Lake in the south, the Cascades to the west. Rivers and Rails p.17
1842-1862 More than 20,000 Oregon Trail emigrants traveled across southern Idaho. Idaho Statesman Discover Treasure Valley 2002-2003
1848 Territory of Oregon created including what is now Idaho. This was the first government unit. Compton’s Encyclopedia & Idaho for The Curious
1850 census, Idaho was in Oregon Territory. The Handy book for Genealogists
1859 area that is now south Idaho was transferred to Washington Territory. Idaho For The Curious
1860, Sept. 30 Gold discovered Orofino Creek by Elias Davidson of the Pierce party; this started the rush of miners.
1860 census, Idaho was in Washington territory and in the Spokane precinct.
1862, July 25 first post office opened in Idaho at Lewiston, the capitol of Idaho Territory. Gold discoveries and spin-off development triggered the major settlements in Idaho. The opening of post offices soon followed the discovery of gold in an area.
1862 Florence brought thousands of gold seekers into Idaho. It was all but abandoned in 1869. Idaho Gem Of The Mountains p.35
1862 James Warren and others discovered gold at Warrens (now known as Warren). At one time it was the county seat of Idaho Co. In 1863 it had a population of 600. Trails Of The Frank Church-River Of No Return Wilderness p220
1862, Aug. 2 George Grimes and Moses Splawn found gold near what is now Centerville. Boise p.17 Boise Basin attracted 40,000 miners or more from 1862 to 1864. Idaho Gem Of The Mountains p.38. In 1863 Idaho City was larger than Portland.
March 3, 1863 separate Idaho Territory established. Lewiston was named temporary capital and included Montana and part of Wyo. with Wm. Wallace as governor. It was formed from the Washington & Dakota Territories. Compton’s Encyclopedia and Handy Book for Genealogists.
1863 July 5 “Captain John Stanley was, incidentally, the eldest of a party of twenty-three men who left Warrens Diggings on July 5, 1863, for the purpose of prospecting on the upper tributaries of the South Fork of the Salmon River, a region which at that time had never been trodden by the foot of white man. All of them had mined at Florence the previous year and were going to look for a similar basin. Nothing of value was discovered until they reached Stanley Basin, named for Captain Stanley.” From the book Pioneer Days In Idaho County, Vol. Two, p. 65 by Sister M. Alfreda Elsensohn . Her