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Geology

Scout's Name:

________________________

Experience:

Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.

1. Conduct an experiment approved by your counselor that demonstrates how sediments settle from suspension in water. Explain to your counselor what the exercise shows and why it is important.

2.

Using topographical maps provided by your counselor, plot the stream gradients (different elevations divided by distance) for four different stream types (straight, meandering, dendritic, trellis). Explain which ones flow fastest and why, and which ones will carry larger grains of sediment and why.

3.

On a stream diagram, show areas where you will ,find the following features: cut bank, fill bank, point bar, medial channel bars, lake delta. Describe the relative sediment grain size found in each feature.

4.

Conduct an experiment approved by your counselor that shows how some sedimentary material carried by water may be too small for you to see without a magnifier.

5.

Visit a nearby stream. Find clues that show the direction of water flow, even if the water is missing. Record your observations in a notebook, and sketch those clues you observe. Discuss your observations with your counselor.

Energy Resources Option 1. List the top five Earth resources used to generate electricity in the United States.

2. Discuss source rock, trap, and reservoir rock - the three components necessary for the occurrence of oil and gas underground.

3.

Explain how each of the following items is used in subsurface exploration to locate oil or gas: reflection seismic, electric well logs, stratigraphic correlation, offshore platform, geologic map, subsurface structure map, subsurface isopach map, and core samples and cutting samples.

  • 5.

    Complete ONE of the options listed below (a OR b OR c OR d): (Use a blank page to record any information requested in any of the options)

    • a. Surface and Sedimentary Processes Option

  • b.

Geology - Merit Badge Workbook

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