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Geology

Scout's Name: ________________________

4.

Using at least 20 data points provided by your counselor, create a subsurface structure map and use it to explain how subsurface geology maps are used to find oil, gas, or coal resources.

5.

Do ONE of the following activities:

  • a. Make a display or presentation showing how oil and gas or coal is found, extracted, and processed. You may use maps, books, articles from periodicals, and research found on the Internet (with your parent's permission). Share the display with your counselor or a small group (such as your class at school) in a five minute presentation.

  • b.

With your parent's and counselor's permission and assistance, arrange for a visit to an operating drilling rig. While there, talk with a geologist and ask to see what the geologist does onsite. Ask to see cutting samples taken at the site.

  • c.

Mineral Resources Option

  • 1.

    Define rock. Discuss the three classes of rocks including their origin and characteristics.

  • 2.

    Define mineral. Discuss the origin of minerals and their chemical composition and identification

properties, including hardness, specific gravity, color, streak, cleavage, luster, and crystal form.

  • 3.

    Do ONE of the following:

    • a. Collect 10 different rocks or minerals. Record in a notebook where you obtained (found, bought, traded) each one. Label each specimen, identify its class and origin, determine its chemical composition, and list its physical properties. Share your collection with your counselor.

  • b.

With your counselor's assistance, identify 15 different rocks and minerals. List the name of each specimen, tell whether it is a rock or mineral, and give the name of its class (if it is a rock) or list its identifying physical properties (if it is a mineral).

4.

List three of the most common road building materials used in your area. Explain how each material is produced and how each is used in road building.

5.

Do ONE of the following activities:

  • a. With your parent's and counselor's approval, visit an active mining site, quarry, or sand and gravel pit. Tell your counselor what you learned about the resources extracted from this location and how these resources are used by society.

  • b.

With your counselor, choose two examples of rocks and two examples of minerals. Discuss the mining of these materials and describe how each is used by society.

  • c.

With your parent's and counselor's approval, visit the office of a civil engineer and learn how geology is used in construction. Discuss what you learned with your counselor.

  • d.

Earth History Option

  • 1.

    Create a chart showing suggested geological eras and periods. Determine which period the rocks in your region might have been formed.

  • 2.

    Explain to your counselor the processes of burial and fossilization, and discuss the concept of extinction.

  • 3.

    Explain to your counselor how fossils provide information about ancient life, environment, climate, and geography. Discuss the following terms and explain how animals from each habitat obtain food: benthonic, pelagic, littoral, lacustrine, open marine, brackish, fluvial, eolian, protected reef.

  • 4.

    Collect 10 different fossil plants or animals OR (with your counselor's assistance) identify 15 different fossil plants or animals. Record in a notebook where you obtained (found, bought, traded) each one. Classify each specimen to the best of your ability, and explain how each one might have survived and obtained food. Tell what else you can learn from these fossils.

Geology - Merit Badge Workbook

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