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Had Five or More Servings of Fruits and Vegetables per Day

HEALTH BEHAVIORS A. Healthy Eating

eEl Paso

eDoñaAna eTX

eM

21.

eUS

Fruits and vegetables contain essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber that help protect against chronic diseases. Compared with people who consume few fruits or vegetables, those who eat more generous amounts are likely to have reduced risk of stroke and certain cancers. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that each individual consume 2 1/2 to 6 1/2 cups (5 to 13 servings) of fruits and vegetables daily.4 Several programs offer a simpler serving measurement called the 1/4 plate modeL. In this model, individuals are taught to divide a standard 8" plate into four equal parts. Each part holds one serving of different foods.

Fewer than one in four Americans (23%) have the recommended minimum five servings of fruits and vegetables each day, and even fewer people in the PdN region meetthis recommendation (18%). Hispanics are less likely than non-Hispanics to eat five or more

servings offruits and vegetables daily (16% vs. 22%).

B. Physical Activity

Regular physical activity has many health benefits. It substantially reduces the risk of dying of coronary heart disease, the nation's leading cause of death.6 Exercise also decreases the risk for stroke, colon cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, and helps to control weight. Regular physical activity contributes to healthy bones, muscles, and joints; reduces falls among older adults; helps to relieve the pain of arthritis; and reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression.?

eEl Paso Met Recommended Level of Physical Activity eDoña Ana e'i eM

46.

51

eJS

49.

Physical activity need not be strenuous to be beneficial; health agencies recommend that everyone participate in 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, such as brisk walking, five or more

times each week.6,8

Across the nation, as well as in Texas, New Mexico, and the PdN region, less than half of the population meets the recommended level of leisure time physical activity. In both counties, Hispanics were less likely than non-Hispanics to report the recommended level of physical activity. Overall about 70% of people in the PdN region reported having some leisure time physical activity.

Met Recommended Level of Physical Activity by Ethnicity

Hispanics e Non-Hispanics

49.2%

55.0%

In 2003, the American Pediatric Medical Association and Prevention magazine, ranked EI Paso as one of the 12 best cities for walking in the United States. The ranking was based upon 20 different factors including" crime, mass transit, air quality, and the number of historic sites, museums, and gyms each city has. "9

44.5%

36.8%

EI Paso

Doña Ana

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