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A Status Report on the Health of People in El Paso County, Texas and Doña Ana County, New Mexico.

B. Overweight and Obesity

During the past 20 years there has been a striking increase in the number of adults who are obese or overweight. Whether a person is 'Obese' or 'Overweight' is based on their weight and height. The increases in the number of obese or overweight people are of great concern because of increased risk of many serious diseases, particularly high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.21

In 2005, almost one-fourth of the U.S. population was obese and another 37% were considered overweight; less than 40% of the population was at a healthy weight.

Overweight

Obese

36.4%

21.8%

EI Paso

37.1%

24.1%

27.0%

Doña Ana

TX

38.6%

21.7%

NM

Texas fares similarly as 27% of the residents are considered obese. While proportionally fewer EI Paso County

Obesity by Ethnicity

residents are obese (21.8%), a higher proportion of

e Hispanics e Non-His

ics

Hispanics are obese as compared to non-Hispanics

(22.6% vs. 18.7%). The problem among Hispanics is worse in Texas overall, where almost a third are considered obese.

22.6%

25.8%

18.7%

21.6%

EI Paso

Doña Ana

Ever Diagnosed with Diabetes

C. Diabetes

eEl Paso

e Doña Ana

TX

M

US

Diabetes is one of the most serious health problems facing the nation and is the sixth leading cause of death.18 Diabetes can lead to serious vision problems and even blindness, nerve and circulatory problems particularly in the feet, kidney disease, gum disease, and increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke.19 Researchers estimate that the overall costs attributed to diabetes in the U.S. exceeds $130 billion dollars per

year.20 This includes direct health care costs as well as

indirect costs such as lost wages.

7.

7.3"

7

In the U.S., about 7% of adults reported having been diagnosed with diabetes; in Doña Ana County, almost 10% of adult residents reported having diabetes. Hispanics in the PdN region are more likely to have been diagnosed with diabetes than non-Hispanics. Like other health conditions which are diagnosed by a health care practitioner, the actual prevalence of diabetes may be higher, because many residents do not have health care coverage and are less likely to see health care professionals.

Of those respondents who had been diagnosed, about 60% had taken a class about how to manage their diabetes.

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