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A Status Report on the Health of People in £1 Paso County, Texas

and Doña Ana County, New Mexico.

D. Asthma

E. Arthritis

Asthma can be a debilitating disease, causing serious difficulty breathing. The prevalence of asthma among adults has increased from about 3% in 1980 to 7% in 2004,z

A slightly lower proportion of PdN residents overall, report having ever been diagnosed with asthma as compared to the U.S. (10% vs. 12%). Non-Hispanics in this region, as well as across the nation, are much more likely to have been

diagnosed with asthma than Hispanics (17% vs.

8%). As with some of the other chronic diseases reported here, the true burden of this disease may be underestimated as those lacking health insurance are less likely to have had asthma diagnosed.

In the U.S., arthritis is the main cause of disability among adults.23 "Arthritis" refers to many different conditions that affect joints and/or the tissues around joints. A lower proportion of PdN residents rêported having been told by a medical professional that they have arthritis

than the rest ofthe nation (about 21 % vs. 27%).

Proportionally fewer Hispanics in the PdN region reported having been diagnosed with arthritis than non-Hispanics (18% vs. 27%). The difference between Hispanics and non- Hispanics is even greater in the U.S. with non-Hispanics twice as likely to have arthritis

(14% vs. 28%).

Ever Diagnosed with Asthma

Ever Diagnosed with Arthritis

eEl Paso

e oña Ana eTX e NM

eUS

eEl Paso

eDoña Ana

eTX

eNM

eUS

24.

14.

11

12.

.

SURVEY SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS

As with most surveys, the cross section of people who were interviewed is not representative of the whole population The results presented above have been adjusted to help correct for this. Women comprised 61 % of the sample in EI Paso and 65% in Doña Ana, in part because they were more likely to be at home when the interviewer called. Seventy-three percent of the respondents in EI Paso County, and just over half (51 %) of those in Doña Ana County, identified themselves as Hispanic. One-third of those interviewed in EI Paso and about a quarter of those interviewed in Doña Ana County chose to be interviewed in Spanish.

In general, there were nearly equal numbers of respondents in all age categories, except for the 18-24 age group which was under-represented. Annual household income levels were about the same in the two counties with more than 40% making less than $25,000 per year. Less than a quarter of the sample had annual household incomes greater than $50,000. The profile of education was nearly the same in the two counties with just over 20% not having completed high schooL. A higher proportion of those interviewed from Doña Ana (33%) had graduated from college, compared to the respondents from EI Paso County (24%).

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